Did you know that each zebra has its own unique pattern of black and white stripes ?
Zebras belong to the same family as horses and donkey. They are by far the more exotic of the relatives with their sophisticated and sleek black and white stripes. These stripes come in different designs, each specific to its own zebra much like fingerprints. Amazingly it’s not only the fur that is striped but also the skin!!
They always stand out in whatever environment like the belle of the ball. Unlike their relatives; horses and asses, they have not been domesticated. However, they are very social and travel in herds,often grooming one another. They also live in harems or large groups much like ants.
Did you know that the stripes are for camouflage purposes?
The stripes act as a camouflage mechanism in several ways. First, the vertical striping helps the zebra hide in grass. This seems absurd since grass is neither black nor white but the zebra’s main predator, the lion, is color blind. Theoretically a zebra standing still in tall grass may not be noticed at all by a lion. Also zebras are herd animals,so the stripes confuse predators since a number of zebras standing or moving close together may appear as one large animal, making it more difficult for the lion to pick out any single zebra to attack. A herd of zebras scattering to avoid a predator will also appear as a confused mass of vertical stripes travelling in multiple directions making it difficult for the predator to track an individual as it separates from its herd mates, although biologists have never observed lions appearing confused by zebra stripes.
Did you know that Zebras can sleep while standing?
This is a trait humans would find in handy especially after a night out on the town. Zebras will literally close their eyes after grazing and snooze for an hour or more.
Did you know zebras have moods?
Much like people, you can tell a zebra’s moods from looking at it. Zebras can also turn their ears in almost any direction.The ears stand erect when it is in a calm, tense or friendly mood. If it is frightened, the ears are pushed forwards and when it is angry the ears are pushed backwards.
On average zebras live for 28 years old. That means at an age where humans are becoming responsible, they are old and weary already. They share names with their relatives with the males being stallions, females called mares, adolescent females called fillys and adolescent males called colts.
Did you know that baby zebras can run an hour after they are born?
Like horses, zebras walk, trot, canter and gallop. They are generally slower than horses but their great stamina helps them outpace predators, especially lions who get tired rather quickly.Zebras are wary of being hunted by lions or hyenas and usually run on sight of these predators. They run zig-zag from side to side making it more difficult for the predator. Zebras are extremely fast and can run up to 40 miles per hour. The other zebras will come to the aid of a wounded one. When chased, a zebra will rear up and kick its attacker. A kick from a zebra can be fatal. Zebras will bite their attackers as well. It is thought if they can stay ahead of a lion for 6 seconds or more they’re most likely going to escape.
The common three kinds of zebras in Africa are the common Plains Zebra and the rarer Grevey’s and Mountain Zebras. These species have several races that are differentiated by the colors and patterns of their stripes.
These animals have excellent eyesight and night vision. They may be able to recognize other zebras by the pattern of stripes on their bodies.
Zebras feed on grass, shrubs and herbs. Mountain zebras take a dust bath almost everyday.
Did you know zebras live their parents?
The female zebra usually gives birth to one foal after a gestation period of about one year. The foal is nursed for about 12 months much like a human child. After one to three years, the zebra leaves the mother.
Take some time off and travel with Sabili Tours to view the zebra in their natural habitat. They can be found in Lake Mburo National Park and Kidepo Valley National Park. Lake Mburo is usually accessed en route to parks like Queen Elizabeth National Park and Bwindi Impenetrable Forest with its ideal location a mere 3 hours drive from Kampala. In Uganda you will find Plains or Burchell Zebras living in small family groups . Kidepo Valley park is the most remote park however its variety of animals makes up for that distance traveled.